Introduction of Neuro-ophthalmology
Neuro-ophthalmology research is a specialized area of study that focuses on the intricate interplay between the visual system and the nervous system. This field explores the diagnosis, management, and treatment of neurologic conditions that manifest in the eye, optic nerve, and visual pathways, shedding light on complex visual disorders and their underlying causes.
Investigating various optic nerve disorders, including optic neuritis, ischemic o ptic neuropathy, and hereditary optic neuropathies, to understand their pathophysiology and develop targeted treatments.
Visual Field Deficits:
Studying the mechanisms behind visual field deficits in c onditions such as glaucoma and chiasmal lesions, and developing strategies for early detection and monitoring.
Papilledema and Intracranial Pressure:
Researching the relationship between elevated intracranial pressure, papilledema ( optic disc swelling), and conditions like idiopathic intracranial hypertension, aiming to optimize diagnosis and management.
Visual Pathway Lesions:
Investigating the effects of lesions along the visual pathway, including the optic radiations and visual cortex, and exploring rehabilitation techniques for associated visual impairments.
Neuro-ophthalmic Manifestations of Systemic Diseases:
Studying how systemic conditions like multiple sclerosis, diabetes, and autoimmune disorders c an affect the visual system and developing strategies for early detection and intervention.
Diplopia and Eye Movement Disorders:
Examining the causes of double vision (diplopia) and eye movement disorders, such as strabismus, and improving diagnostic accuracy and treatment approaches.
Advancing imaging techniques, including optical coherence tomography (OCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to enhance the visualization and assessment of neuro-ophthalmic conditions.
Investigating the impact of cerebrovascular diseases, such as stroke and aneurysms, o n visual function and exploring interventions to prevent vision loss.
Studying surgical interventions for conditions like optic nerve compression, orbital tumors, and ptosis, with an emphasis on preserving and restoring visual function.
Researching unique neuro-ophthalmic challenges in children, including amblyopia (lazy ey e) and congenital optic nerve anomalies, and developing tailored treatment approaches.